Vol 70, No 6 (2018)

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Linear genetic programming control for strongly nonlinear dynamics with frequency crosstalk

R. Li, B. Noack, L. Cordier, J. Borée, E. Kaiser, F. Harambat

Arch. Mech. 70 (6), 505-534, 2018, DOI: 10.24423/aom.3000

Keywords: flow control; nonlinear dynamics; turbulent wake


We advance Genetic Programming Control (GPC) for turbulence flow control application building on the pioneering work of [1]. GPC is a recently proposed model-free control framework which explores and exploits strongly nonlinear dynamics in an unsupervised manner. The assumed plant has multiple actuators and sensors and its performance is measured by a cost function. The control problem is to find a control logic which optimizes the given cost function. The corresponding regression problem for the control law is solved by employing linear genetic programming as an easy and simple regression solver in a high-dimensional control search space. This search space comprises open-loop actuation, sensor-based feedback and combinations thereof — thus generalizing former GPC studies [2, 3]. This new methodology is denoted as linear genetic programming control (LGPC). The focus of this study is the frequency crosstalk between unforced, unstable oscillation and the actuation at different frequencies. LGPC is first applied to the stabilization of a forced nonlinearly coupled three-oscillator model comprising open- and closed-loop frequency crosstalk mechanisms. LGPC performance is then demonstrated in a turbulence control experiment, achieving 22% drag reduction for a simplified car model. In both cases, LGPC identifies the best nonlinear control achieving the optimal performance by exploiting frequency crosstalk. Our control strategy is suited to complex control problems with multiple actuators and sensors featuring nonlinear actuation dynamics. Significant further performance enhancement is envisioned in the more general field of machine learning control [4].

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